Soft tissue sarcomas are an uncommon kind of cancer. It starts in the tissues that surround, connect, and support other bodily structures. This comprises your muscle, fat, blood vessels, nerves, tendons, and joint lining.
Soft tissue sarcomas are a very uncommon kind of cancer. They are divided into almost 75 separate subgroups. Today, we are aware of more than 50 different subtypes of soft tissue sarcomas. As a result, while certain varieties primarily affect adults, others are more likely to afflict youngsters. These tumours are challenging to identify. This is because they are confused for several different growths. As a result, treatment choices and prognoses differ. They differ significantly from patient to patient. This is based on a variety of variables, including the kind, origin, and genetic make-up of the tumours.
Although soft tissue sarcomas can develop everywhere on the body. However, the arms, legs, and abdomen are where they most frequently do. The most frequent form of treatment is surgical removal. Thus, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are suggested. This depends on the tumor’s size, nature, location, and aggressiveness.
The diagnosis and treatment of uncommon soft tissue malignancies in adults and children can be challenging, therefore cancer specialists at Travocure use a thorough, multidisciplinary approach to make precise diagnoses and provide individualised treatment choices.
Common types of soft tissue sarcoma:
Sarcomas are frequent in adults than in children or adolescents. Although this particular kind is more prevalent in adults. It can possibly damage the lymphatic system as well, which is a crucial component of the immune system and aids in the body’s battle against infection and cancer. It affects the lining of blood arteries anyplace in the body.
Smooth muscle sarcoma:
Although theoretically this type can appear anywhere in the body, it often occurs in the uterus and abdomen. This sub-type is further divided into the following:
This variety mostly affects children. Although it can appear at any age and affects the arms, legs, and torso.
This type of soft tissue tumour, is the most prevalent. It develops from fat cells. Individuals over the age of 40 identify with Liposarcoma.
The above 4 are sub-types that can be broken up further to include:
- Most frequently, angiosarcoma affects the skin, liver, breast, and spleen tissue.
- The lungs, liver, brain, neck, intestines, musculoskeletal system, stomach, and lymph nodes are the most prevalent sites of hemangioendothelioma.
Smooth muscle sarcoma:
- Leiomyosarcoma: affects the small intestine and stomach
- Angioleiomyoma: A blood vessel condition
- Leiomyoma: Causes of uterine fibroids
- Giant cell tumours of the tendon sheath are connective tissue tumours that often grow close to the knee joint.
- Undifferentiated and frequently seen in the lungs of people over 50, pleomorphic sarcoma (but can develop anywhere in the body)
- Fibrohistiocytic tumours. typically affects the Plexiform Skin on the upper limbs.
- Round cell
When to see a doctor?
Schedule a visit with your physician if you have:
- A bulge that is becoming larger or is discomfort
- Any size bump, deeply embedded in a muscle
- Return of a tumour that has been surgically removed