Individuals struggling with fertility issues require assistance in pregnancy and childbirth. A range of advanced fertility treatments have been successful in fulfilling their desire to have a child.
IVF is the most common fertility treatment where the fertilization of the retrieved egg and sperm takes place outside the body, in vitro. The fertilized embryo is then placed in the uterus of the biological mother or a willing surrogate to complete the full-term pregnancy. Ovarian hyper-stimulation and transvaginal oocyte retrieval are additional techniques involved in IVF.
Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
This specialized ART procedure is meant for treating severe male infertility. This high-precision process involves the direct injection of a single sperm into the egg. Since the procedure is carried out in the laboratory, the sperm’s natural ability to penetrate the egg no longer matters.
It is the procedure where a fertile woman can donate her egg to help another woman to conceive. It is another type of assisted reproductive technique (ART) sought by a couple whose female partner lacks quality egg in her ovaries. The ovaries of the donor woman are hyperstimulated through a series of injections and medications. After a specific time period, matured eggs are retrieved in a clinic through transvaginal ovarian aspiration process.
Surrogacy often forms a part of ART when a woman willingly offers to carry full term pregnancy of the fertilized embryo done through IVF. The intended parents work in an agreement with a gestational surrogate to bear their child in case the female partner is unable to carry on the pregnancy due to physiological problems. The entire process should be done with strict adherence to the regulations of the country.